How does the Canadian education system work?
Canada has a strong and well-funded system of public education. All education in Canada is overseen by the federal government but provincial governments manage academic regulations and funding. Education systems can vary widely from one province to another. However, as education is overseen by the federal government, the standard of education remains
consistently high throughout the country.
In 2016, Canadian 15-year-olds were among the highest achievers in the world. In international testing, Canadian students placed 6th overall in Mathematics, Science and Reading. Incidentally, the province of Quebec was the top performer.
The School Year
Canadian schools are generally open about 190 days per year, with about two months off during the summer and two other holiday sessions at Christmas time (late December) and Easter (April). The Canadian education year begins in early September and ends in late June.
Levels in Canadian Education
Preschools (or nursery schools) and kindergartens are for children aged 5 and under. Elementary runs from grades one through six. Secondary caters for grades seven to twelve (in Quebec, secondary finishes at grade eleven). It is important to note that each province has its own grade structure, so these terms may vary. Upon graduation from high school, children may enter the workforce or enter university, college or a career school.